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بحث عن الاساليب النحوية في اللغة العربية

A search for grammatical styles from very important research, because the Arabic language occupies a special place among the world’s languages ​​and peoples from a graphical point of view, and aesthetically speaking in the eloquence of its words and sentences, as one sentence in the Arabic language if you change its points, or change the composition placed on its words may turn Its meaning is upside down, and here is the beauty of the Arabic language. In the Arabic language, a group of styles varied between structural and informational styles, all of which fall within the overall concept of grammatical styles.

A search for grammatical styles in the Arabic language

The following is a detailed research on the grammatical styles in the Arabic language:

Research introduction

He knew about the Arabs about patterns of grammatical styles that have fixed structures, fixed and rigid non-dispositional forms, and specific regular patterns, intended to inform the addressee of what the speaker can sense in terms of poetic and declarative meanings, whether this method is an interrogative, temptation, warning, praise or vilification style Or, exclamation, or so, these are sentences with structural structures formulated to achieve semantic purposes and purposes; For this reason, the sentence structure does not change.

Presentation of the research: types of grammatical styles

As we mentioned earlier, there are many grammatical styles according to the difference in their purpose, and in the following we mention some of the grammatical methods with clarifying their concepts:

  • The Caller: By doing a search for the grammatical styles the caller is called, you can find the mother of the caller known as a subject noun whose acceptance is requested by one of the letters of the call, which is [يا، أيا، هيا، أيْ، والهمزة للقريب]. If the caller was a flag or was an intentional objection, then it is based on what was raised with it, and in this case it is in the place of an accusative. For example: (Oh Ahmed, oh man). But if the caller is from an unintended negation, or it is an additive or similar to an additive, then it is used as a form, for example: O a believer, O most honorable people, O doer of good. [1]

  • SOS: A distress is defined as a person calling for the sake of helping others with the letter of the call (oh), then adding an open lam after it, and also a broken lam at the beginning of the call for him. From them, she was swallowed up in a blameless place.[1]

  • Scar: The scar technique is known as; Calling the mourner against him or him or from him, by adding the letter of the call (wa), and expresses: calling, based on annexation in the place of the accusative. This method comes in three ways: (and sit-in), (sit-in), and (sit-in).[1]

  • Exception: An exception is defined as; Taking out the noun that falls after an exception tool (the excluded) from the sentence or meaning of the sentence before the exclusion tool. As the excluded; It is the noun that is mentioned after one of the instruments of exception, and is contrary to the judgment that occurs before the instrument of exception. Towards: The students came except for Muhammad. The name that occurred after the instrument of exception, which is here: (Muhammad) was excluded from the ruling that preceded the instrument of exception, which is the advent of the students, meaning that (Muhammad) is the one who is excluded from the coming ruling.[2]

  • Warning: The method of warning is known as alerting the person to whom he is responding to an objectionable matter in order to avoid it, for example: your hand and the fire. Its meaning is: (Keep your hand and beware of the fire), since both the warning and the one being warned against are written as the object of the decreed verb, and the warning may sometimes be limited to mentioning only the one being warned against. Here he is the fire.[1]

  • Temptation: The seduction method is defined as alerting the respondent to something praiseworthy in order to do it, for example: (honesty); And it means: be honest. And the object is placed for the estimated obligatory verb.[1]

  • Presentation and provocation: they mean seeking something. The display characters are: [ألا، أما، هلاَّ، لولا، لوما]. The difference between offering and prodding is that the offer is a bliss’s request, while the provocation is a request for research, and it is related to the verb: “Do you not wish that God forgives you”, and also an example: (Would you do the duty).[1]

  • Specialization: jurisdiction is defined as when it is mentioned after the pronoun of the speaker (I, we), or the pronoun of the second person (you, you), a pronoun written with the already deleted (special). For example: We (Muslims) are sincere. What is meant by this sentence: We (especially Muslims) are sincere.[1]

  • Occupation: If a verb delayed by its accusative is occupied by the place of the pronoun of a noun that is preceded by its accusative to pronounce that, and work is defined as: that one name advances and is delayed for him to act in that name by working in his conscience, or in its cause, so that if he finishes that action and authority On the advanced name; To work the accusative in terms of pronunciation or place. What is meant because of the previous name: is everything and its relationship to it, and an example of it: The book you have read will benefit you, so that the book here expresses that; The object is focused on the operation of an obligatory omitted verb interpreted by the apparent verb.[3]

  • The Interrogation: The interrogative method is known as a method used to inform a matter that is not known to a questioner, and this is what some said in it that it is a request for news in which the questioner has no knowledge, and the interrogation method has tools that are divided into two parts. The first is the interrogative letters: they are (Is) and its answer is yes or no, such as: Did Muhammad come ?, The second letter is (Hamza) and the question that begins with it is answered with yes or no, as in the question (Muhammad stayed?). Including the so-called interrogative names towards: (what, what, why, how, that is, where, I, Ian, when).[4]

Research conclusion

In general, the study of the grammatical methods shows the accuracy of the Arabic language in its method systems in developing different types of expressions, so that the grammatical styles have fixed structures and special bodies, which cannot be manipulated through any kind of changes. Because in that it neglects the purposes which the styles were designated to perform, and it misses their meanings and connotations. You can download a paper on grammatical methods “doc” from here.

Imperative and prohibitive formulas

From what was mentioned in the science of grammar, the student composition in the Arabic language in general is the summoning of the required, and the required characteristic is that it is not taking place at the time of its request, and the people of rhetoric have taken care of the method of student composition more than they care about non-orderly. It also follows:[4]

Command method

It is defined as a request for the act in the form of superiority and compulsion, or as it is said: it is a formula that calls for action, or a statement that foretells the summoning of the act on the part of others on the side of superiority. The matter has four formulas:

  • Do the command: Toward (Take this book).
  • The present tense associated with blaming the matter: Proverb (for a man to spend from what he has got from money).
  • The noun of the verb of the command: towards: (be upon you) in the sense of abiding, towards: (upon you yourselves, the unjust do not care about you), and likewise: (Sushh); Ie shut up, and (meh); I.e. palm, and (amen); That is, he answered, and (belah) meaning let, and (slow it down); Its meaning is its time, and so on.
  • The source for doing the command: “And the parents are kind to them.”

Style forbidding

Where the prohibition is defined as a method of demanding which is intended to stop doing the matter compulsorily by others, and the prohibition agrees with the matter in the principle of the superiority of one party over the other, but they differ in the formulas, as in the matter something is required, and in the prohibition it is forbidden. The prohibition falls into one form, It is the present tense verb associated with (not) the final final, towards: do not lie.

Search for grammatical styles, exclamation and number

As we mentioned earlier, there are many grammatical methods in the Arabic language, and perhaps the most prominent of these methods are the two styles of number and exclamation, which take a large share of the language, and in the following we will put in your hands a research on the grammatical methods of exclamation, and another on the number:[5]

A search for grammatical styles the number

Introduction: The numerical structure is one of the multiple combinations of rulings and rules in the Arabic language, where multiple grammatical issues and sections overlap, towards signs of syntax and conformity provisions in remembrance and feminization, as well as rules of addition and distinction. This is why there is so much confusion among people, and the error is also about what we see in the media and even writers and speakers in general. The crux of the topic: In order to facilitate the rules for the composition of the number that is frequently used during daily life, as well as to protect our Arabic language from appearances to be scratched or broken, we present this as a summary of the most important rules of number:

  • The one and the two: they agree with the numbered as a reminder and feminine, and they express an adjective for the number. The counted is always before them, and its parsing is according to its position in the syntax.
    Towards: one man / one woman. Or two men / two women.

  • Numbers from three to ten: These differ from the gender of the numbered. That is, it is masculine with the feminine, and feminine with the masculine, and it is parsed according to its position in the sentence, as well as the rest of the numbers. The counted after it is a plural, and it can be interpreted as an addition to it, about (three pens / three girls).

  • Eleven and twelve: They correspond to the numbered in terms of remembrance and femininity, and the number “eleven” is based on the opening of the two parts. As for the number “twelve,” the first part is in the thousand in the case of raising and the oath in the accusative and traction, and the last part is based on the conquest. And the number after the two shall be singular affixed, and expressed as discrimination. About: (eleven men / eleven women), or (twelve (twelve) students / twelve (twelve) students).

  • Numbers from thirteen to nineteen: the first part of them is contrary to the numbered, and the second part matches it, and these numbers are based on the opening of the two parts, and the numbered after it is a singular affixed, and expressed as discrimination. About: (Thirteen Ministers / Thirteen Countries), and (Fifteen Decisions / Fifteen Girls).

  • The numbers from twenty to ninety: These numbers come in one form with both the masculine and the feminine, and these numbers are in waw in the case of raising and yaa in the accusative and ablative, and that is based on it being one of the appendices of the plural of the peaceful masculine. Discrimination. Towards: (I have twenty pens) and (I have read twenty notes).

  • The hundred, thousand, million, billion, and the like: These numbers come in one form with both the masculine and the feminine, whereby the number after it is a singular, accusative, and it is expressed as an addition to it. About (one hundred employees / one hundred employees), (one thousand men / one thousand women), and the like.

  • Ordinal numbers: These numbers are an attribute of the counted, identical to it in remembrance, femininity and parsing, and the reason is expressed that it is an adjective for it, and the numbered is always before it and is expressed according to its position in the parsing, about: (the fifth month), and (the seventh year).

Conclusion of the research: The number can only be used by those who have an abundance of pedigree, and a good amount of knowledge of the grammatical rules, and these are few in our time. You have to take care of formulating it well.

A search for grammatical methods exclamation in the Arabic language

Introduction to the research: The methods of exclamation vary in the Arabic language, between the standard exclamation styles and other acoustic methods, and between these two types there are clear differences that we must explain to you in the following: The core of the research: As we said, the exclamation has two types, the first is the standard exclamation, and this type It has two basic formulas; The first is the formula: (What I do), towards: What I persevere in the public saying !, It is worth noting that the parsing of (be patient) or the verb that comes on weight I do in the exclamation in general is a past verb based on the conquest of a hidden subject, permissible to estimate it is due to What is exclamatory, and what comes after it (and here it is a connected pronoun) is set up as an object in it, as for exclamatory it is expressed that it is based on silence in the place of raising a subject, and the second form is: (I do with it), towards: Akram with Ahmad, a student answered! .[6]
As for the second method of exclamation, it is the auditory exclamation, and this type of exclamation is characterized as having no specific rule, and the aural exclamation in it has many expressions that grammarians do not object to in the context of talking about exclamation, towards: I refused to curse, and God has a grasp, and God fought him from a rebel. A man, may God bless him, and there is an interrogation that is useful for wondering. Conclusion of the research: In the context of talking about this topic, we must mention the interesting situation that we heard it said about Abu Al-Aswad Al-Dawali, when his daughter said to him: (How beautiful is the sky), so Abu Aswad Al-Du’ali understood that it is a question, so he said to her: (The stars And the moon …), so the child explained to him that she intended to wonder, except that the exclamation must be by opening the word (most beautiful) as we mentioned, so he became angry for that and felt that the Arabic language must have rules to be written so as not to be lost among the tongues of the new generations.

Map of grammatical styles concepts

The mental maps that include grammatical methods have varied to make it easier for the student to become familiar with these methods altogether and in detail, due to the large number of these methods and the diversity of their purposes, and we will include for you in the following a picture of a mental map of grammatical methods:

To here we have reached the end of the article, and we have written a number of papers in it, the first and the most comprehensive of which is a study on grammatical methods in the Arabic language, explaining in it the most important of these methods with something we ennoble detail in, and we have also written for you a study on the grammatical methods of exclamation and number, wishing you full benefit from them .

السابق
يقل عمر النصف للنظير المشع عندما يتحلل صح ام خطا
التالي
اسماء مشروبات ستار باكس الباردة بالسعودية 2021