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علاج الاذن المسدودة .. اسباب واعراض ومضاعفات وطرق تشخيص انسداد الاذن

What is the treatment for a blocked ear? Where a person may sometimes feel a blockage in the ear, which is transient or may require medical attention, and in this article the question will be answered, and the introduction to the ear will also be addressed, its functions and importance, methods of diagnosing ear blockage, the causes that lead to it, and the symptoms resulting from it , Its complications, and ways to prevent it from occurring.

Ear blockage

In fact, the problem of ear blockage is one of the problems that a person can suffer from for a certain period of his life, and this blockage can be caused by an external factor or one of the internal factors, and although the ear blockage itself may not cause pain to the affected person and a feeling of discomfort, But ear blockage can cause certain hearing problems for the affected person, and in general there are many possible causes for ear blockage, and this blockage often resolves on its own without the need for specific treatment, but on the other hand there are many medicines and home remedies that help in Get rid of ear blockage faster, and it is better to see a doctor to determine the causes of ear blockage and get the necessary medical attention to solve this problem and avoid any complications from ear blockage.[3]

Treating a blocked ear

Ear blockage is one of the simple problems that can be overcome most of the time by following certain home remedies without the need to see a doctor except in some cases, and the treatment of a blocked ear can be classified as follows:[3]

  • Valsva maneuver: The Valsva maneuver is a simple trick in which the ear can be opened, and to perform the Valsva maneuver a person must take a deep breath, then close the airway by pressing the nose and keep the mouth closed, and then gently blow through the nostrils without blowing too hard To avoid damage to the eardrum.

  • Breathe moist air: Inhaling moist air while sitting for 10 to 15 minutes in the shower after a hot shower or other method can help open the ear.

  • Getting rid of fluids in the ear: This procedure is done by inserting the index finger into the ear and moving it up and down, as it can help get rid of fluids in the ear, and the use of a hair dryer to remove fluids from the ear, and this is by placing it At a relatively low temperature, fluid dries up in the ear, with the need to maintain a safe distance between the hair dryer and the ear.

  • Certain types of over-the-counter medications: Certain types of over-the-counter medications can help clear an ear blockage caused by the common cold or allergies.

  • Ear drops: Some types of ear drops help in dissolving earwax and treating a blocked ear, as these drops help to get rid of ear blockages caused by the accumulation of wax in the ear.

It should be noted that in cases where a blocked ear cannot be treated with home remedies, a visit to the doctor may be required, as the doctor will work to remove the wax accumulated in the ear or prescribe a type of medicine such as antibiotics such as anti-fungi and antihistamines, in addition to some types of analgesics Pains.[3]

Ear cleaning

In most cases, it is not necessary to clean the wax from the ear, but on the other hand it is necessary to work on cleaning the wax from the ear when any of the symptoms of ear blockage appear due to what is caused by the accumulation of wax, and in this case the ear drops can be used from the pharmacy without a prescription, as These drops help to dissolve the earwax and get rid of it, and an syringe containing lukewarm water can be used to wash the ear, and in general it is preferable to consult a specialist doctor to clean the ear, as the doctor works on using some tools to do this operation. Such as using a small tool to remove wax, which is called a curette, and it is recommended to resort to the doctor for the process of cleaning the ear, especially if the wax makes it difficult to see the eardrum, or if the symptoms of the blockage include ear pain or hearing impairment.[9]

Ear parts

The ear may seem simple when viewed from the outside, but in fact the ear is one of the most complex parts of the body, because the ear is divided into three main parts, and the first part is called the outer ear and it consists of the ear flap that collects sound waves and transmits them through the ear canal to reach the eardrum, While the second part is called the middle ear, and it contains small bones that lead to the passage of sound waves from the eardrum to the inner ear, and the middle ear contains the Eustachian tube, which plays an important role in balancing the air pressure on both sides of the eardrum, and the third part of the ear is the inner ear And the house contains many structures that play an important role in hearing and balance.[1]

Ear function

Some people may think that the ear is an organ responsible only for the process of hearing, but this is not true because the role of the ear is not limited to the process of hearing only, but the ear also plays an important role in maintaining the balance of the body and thus the functions of the ear can be classified. As follows:[2]

Listen

The different parts of the ear work in harmony with each other, so that the person can hear the sounds as the ear picks up the sound waves and transmits them through the ear canal to reach the eardrum, then these waves hit the eardrum causing its vibrations, then these vibrations are transmitted to the middle ear cavity, and the bony It has the hammer, anvil and the stirrup bone, and the effect of these vibrations is transmitted to the inner ear that contains the auditory receptors and some cells that convert the vibrations into electrical signals that are transmitted to the brain through nerves, which ultimately leads to voice translation and the human hearing of different sounds.

Maintain body balance

In addition to hearing different sounds, maintaining the balance of the body is one of the most important functions responsible for the ear, as the Eustachian tube in the middle ear plays a role in maintaining the air pressure in the middle ear equal to the air pressure, which greatly helps the person in maintaining balance, and plays both The body and vestibule in the inner ear also play an important role in maintaining the balance of the body, as the vestibule contains balance receptors, and it should also be noted that the ear is internally connected to certain nerves that transmit information related to hearing and balance to the brain.

Causes of ear blockage

There are many causes of ear blockage, such as a change in external air pressure, which is the most prominent cause of ear blockage, as the external air pressure changes in some cases, such as traveling by plane or jumping from a height, and swimming is also considered one of the causes of ear blockage, and one of the most important causes of ear blockage is also What follows:[4]

Earwax accumulation

Earwax accumulation is one of the main causes of ear blockage, as wax is produced naturally in the ear by all people to help the process of cleaning the ear and prevent some impurities from entering the ear, but wax can be produced in large quantities in some people, which may lead to its accumulation in The ear and blocking the canal, and the affected person’s hearing loss and wearing certain types of devices that help improve hearing may increase the risk of ear blockage caused by the accumulation of earwax, as these devices can interfere with the hearing process, which leads to blockage of the ear due to its hardening and accumulation Wax.

ear infection

Besides earwax accumulation, which is one of the main causes of ear blockage, ear infection is also one of the possible causes of ear blockage due to otitis media that occurs as a result of fluid accumulation in the ear in some cases This promotes the growth of viruses or bacteria in the ear, and thus this leads to an infection that indicates the feeling that the affected person feels the presence of pain in the ear, and a feeling of blockage in the ear as a result of this infection, which is one of the causes of ear blockage, but it should be noted that ear infection often occurs after Exposure to cold or any other health problem that may be increased through mucus production, as increased mucus and fluid production can affect the ear and contribute to an ear infection.

Foreign body entering the ear

The entry of any foreign object in the ear is one of the causes of ear blockage, and sometimes some people use certain types of tools to try to clean the ear, such as cotton ear cleaners, which can cause some cotton to get stuck inside the ear, which in turn causes ear blockage. It should be noted that young children may sometimes get foreign bodies into their ears while playing games or other things, which in turn may also cause a blockage in the ear.

Symptoms of a blocked ear

Many different symptoms can appear in a person who suffers from ear obstruction, and these symptoms can differ according to the causes of ear blockage, as the symptoms caused by ear blockage differ from the symptoms resulting from ear blockage due to infection, and in general the symptoms of ear obstruction can be classified according to As follows:

Symptoms caused by the accumulation of earwax

In fact, there are a group of symptoms that can appear in a person who suffers from a blockage in the ear resulting from the accumulation of wax in the ear, such as a feeling that there is something stuck inside the ear, and the symptoms of ear obstruction caused by the accumulation of wax are as follows:[5]

  • hardness of hearing.
  • Ear pain.
  • The presence of an odor coming from the ear.
  • Sensation of pressure inside the ear.
  • Tinnitus.

It is important to see a doctor and get the necessary medical attention for other symptoms such as a high body temperature, severe pain in the ear, discharge from the ear, in addition to hearing loss.[5]

Symptoms caused by an ear infection

Ear infections are among the causes of ear blockage that can cause pain to the affected person. It should be noted that this infection most commonly affects children and causes many different symptoms, including the following:[6]

  • Earache and this pain is evident in children and the elderly.
  • Loss of appetite, and this symptom appears most often and clearly in young children during the breastfeeding period, because the pressure inside the ear affects the child’s swallowing process.
  • Some problems related to sleep, as the pain caused by an ear infection gets worse at bedtime.
  • Secretions coming out of the ear These secretions can be yellow, white or brown in color, and these secretions may indicate a hole in the eardrum.
  • High body temperature.
  • hardness of hearing.

Diagnosis of ear obstruction

During the visit to the doctor due to ear blockage, the doctor will first ask the affected person about the symptoms he is suffering from, and he will also perform certain tests to determine the causes of the blockage in the ear. The ear, and the examinations that the doctor may perform may differ according to the expected causes of eardrum obstruction, and in general the methods of diagnosing ear obstruction are classified as follows:

  • Tests to diagnose ear blockages caused by accumulation of wax in the ear: A doctor can diagnose ear blockages caused by accumulation of wax through an otoscope, which allows the doctor to examine the inner parts of the ear.[7]

  • Tests to diagnose ear blockage caused by otitis: The doctor may be able to diagnose otitis using a regular otoscope used to diagnose ear obstruction caused by accumulation of wax, or the doctor may use a specific type of otoscope that slightly enters the air into the eardrum, and in some cases it may The doctor uses a specific test called tympanometry, which helps ensure the integrity of the middle ear.[8]

Ear blockage complications

Most cases of ear blockage caused by accumulation of wax are not associated with any complications or can sometimes be associated with minor complications such as a temporary decrease in the ability of hearing or external ear infection, and the occurrence of infection, and following the instructions that can be obtained from the doctor helps reduce the possibility of such occurrence Complications, and among the possible complications that can be caused by an ear infection, are the following:[10]

  • A tumor or non-cancerous cyst in the middle ear.
  • Enlarged tonsils.
  • Osteitis behind the ear.
  • Meningitis.
  • Temporary hearing loss.
  • A common ear infection.
  • Speech and language difficulties.

Prevention of ear blockage

In fact, there is no method that can be followed to reduce the secretion of wax, which is the most important cause of ear blockage, but people who suffer from excessive wax production can visit an ear, nose, and throat doctor periodically every 6 to 12 months to clean the ear, or the doctor may prescribe drops that help Dissolving wax, as is the case with ear infection, the best prevention is vaccination, such as the annual flu vaccine and others, and it should be noted that children under the age of 6 months who are not exposed to secondhand smoke are less likely to develop otitis media.[11]

In conclusion, in this article the answer to the question posed: What is the treatment for a blocked ear ?, and the introduction to the ear, its functions and importance, methods of diagnosing ear obstruction, the causes that lead to it, the symptoms resulting from it, its complications, and methods of prevention of its occurrence have been addressed.

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